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Strategies of the disaster recovery and business continuity (DR & BC)

Strategies of the disaster recovery and business continuity (DR & BC)
April 09
19:14 2015
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Strategies of the disaster recovery and business continuity (DR & BC)

The ability of an organization to recover from a disaster and unexpected event and resume operations is known as disaster recovery and business continuity. Organizations already have a plan to recover this disaster. The main strategies for the disaster recovery and business continuity includes following four steps:

  1. Designation of site
  2. Backup of data
  3. Drills
  4. Key personnel backup

Designation of site

If the current facility is unusable then a hot or cold site is a location that an organization can move to after a disaster. There is a little difference between the hot site and cold site. In order to resume the operations the hot site is fully equipped while that capability is not present in the cold site. There is also a site that have the capability of resuming some of the operations but not all and that is referred to as the warm site.

The result of a cost-benefit analysis as well as the needs of the organization affects the decision made by the company while determining the type of site to establish. How relocation to a new facility is to be conducted is spelled out by the disaster recovery plan. In order to verify the viability as well as effectiveness of the plan and to determine if any deficiencies exist and how they can be deal with, companies perform occasional tests and conduct trials. The probability that operations of the organization can be sustained at the level that is assumed in the plan is looked out by the audit of the Disaster Recovery Plan of a company. And also the ability of the entity to actually establish operations at the site is also looked by the Disaster Recovery Plan of the company.

Examining and testing the procedures included, determining reasonable standards relating to implementation and touring, examining and researching the outside facility,   conducting outside research relating to Disaster recovery are all included in the review of the disaster recovery plan. This is verified through the paper and paperless documentation as well as actual observation by the auditor. In order to confirm data integrity and effective processes testing of the backups and procedures is also performed. There is also the confirmation of the security of the storage site.

Backup of data:

A central to any disaster recovery plan is the data backup. If the processes are effective and if they are actually being implemented by the involved personnel are determined by the audit of backup processes. Direct observation of the processes in question, conducting computer-assisted audit techniques and tests, analyzing and researching the backup equipment used, examining of paper and paperless record are included in some of the techniques that are used to accomplish this.

In order to minimize the impact of threats, the continual backing up of data and systems can help a lot. Even the information on how best to recover any data that has not been copied is included in the disaster recovery plan. In order to ensure that data is not damaged, altered or destroyed during this process controls and protections are put in place. Information technology experts and procedures that can accomplish this endeavor need to be identified. In order to determine how best to proceed is also assisted by the vendor manuals.

Drills:

In order to determine how effective the plan is and to determine what changes may be necessary is determined by the practice drills conducted periodically. The drills are being conducted properly and problems uncovered during these drills are addressed and procedures designed to deal with these potential deficiencies are implemented and tested to determine their effectiveness are assisted by the auditors.

Key personnel backup:

Clearly written policies and specific communication with employees to ensure that both regular and replacement personnel is selected, documented and informed should a disaster occur are included in the disaster recovery plan.

The replacement personnel can actually do the duties assigned to them in an event of an emergency must also be confirmed. In order to accomplish this periodic training and cross-training is often used. Updates to existing job positions and testing to confirm proficiency are included in this training. Policies are being enforced, testing is effective and training is adequate all are verified by some of the issues related to this activity.

 

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